The most recent version of Microsoft’s well-known operating system is called Windows 11. On June 24, 2021, it was officially announced, and on October 5, 2021, it became a public resource. Windows 11 comes with a plethora of features and improvements, making it a highly anticipated release for tech enthusiasts and regular users alike.
The new operating system brings a refreshed and modern design, with a focus on simplicity and productivity. The Start menu has been moved to the center of the screen, providing a cleaner and more organized look. The taskbar has also been redesigned, with new customization options and features like snap layouts and snap groups.
Windows 11 also includes a number of performance improvements, such as faster boot times, improved power management, and better touch screen support. It also introduces a new feature called Auto HDR, which automatically improves the visuals of games and apps that don’t have HDR support.
Another major addition to Windows 11 is Microsoft Teams integration. This allows users to easily connect and communicate with others through video calls, chat, and collaboration tools. The new operating system also includes enhanced virtual desktops, allowing users to create multiple desktops for better organization and productivity.
Windows 11 also brings improvements to gaming, with features like DirectStorage and Xbox Game Pass integration. DirectStorage is a new API that allows for faster loading times and smoother gameplay. Xbox Game Pass integration allows users to easily access and play a library of over 100 games with a subscription.
Overall, Windows 11 is a significant update to Microsoft’s operating system, with many new features and improvements. It’s designed to be faster, simpler, and more productive, making it a great choice for both personal and professional use.
2. History of Microsoft Windows all versions:
Microsoft Windows is a widely used operating system developed by Microsoft Corporation. It has undergone several changes and updates since its initial release in 1985. Here is a brief history of Microsoft Windows and its various versions:
Windows 1.0: Microsoft Windows 1.0 was released in November 1985. It was the first version of Windows, and it was a graphical user interface operating system that ran on top of MS-DOS. It featured a tiled interface, with the ability to run multiple applications at the same time.
Windows 2.0: Microsoft Windows 2.0 was released in December 1987. It was an improvement over the previous version, with better graphics and the ability to run applications in protected mode. It introduced support for VGA graphics and expanded memory.
Windows 3.0: Microsoft Windows 3.0 was released in May 1990. It was a major upgrade over the previous versions, with support for 256 colors, improved graphics, and a virtual memory system. It introduced the Program Manager and File Manager.
Windows 95: Microsoft Windows 95 was released in August 1995. It was a significant upgrade over the previous versions, with support for long filenames, Plug and Play, and the Start menu. It was the first version of Windows to become widely popular and was sold with much fanfare.
Windows 98: Microsoft Windows 98 was released in June 1998. It was an incremental upgrade over Windows 95, with better support for hardware, USB devices, and Internet Explorer 4. It introduced the Active Desktop and System File Protection.
Windows 2000: Microsoft Windows 2000 was released in February 2000. It was a professional operating system aimed at businesses and organizations. It was based on the Windows NT kernel and introduced support for Plug and Play, Active Directory, and improved security.
Windows XP: Microsoft Windows XP was released in October 2001. It was a major upgrade over the previous versions, with a redesigned interface, improved stability, and support for multimedia. It was widely popular and was the most widely used version of Windows for many years.
Windows Vista: Microsoft Windows Vista was released in January 2007. It was a major upgrade over Windows XP, with a new interface, improved security, and better support for multimedia. However, it was criticized for its high system requirements and compatibility issues.
Windows 7: Microsoft Windows 7 was released in October 2009. It was an incremental upgrade over Windows Vista, with improved performance, better hardware support, and a streamlined interface. It was widely popular and is still used by many people today.
Windows 8: Microsoft Windows 8 was released in October 2012. It was a major departure from previous versions, with a new interface optimized for touchscreens and tablets. It introduced support for apps from the Windows Store and included several other improvements.
Windows 10: Microsoft Windows 10 was released in July 2015. It was an incremental upgrade over Windows 8, with a return to the traditional desktop interface and the reintroduction of the Start menu. It introduced support for virtual desktops, Cortana, and Windows Hello.
Windows 11: Microsoft Windows 11 was released in October 2021. It is the latest version of Windows and includes a redesigned interface, improved performance, and several new features, such as Snap Layouts, Snap Groups, and virtual desktops. It has higher system requirements than previous versions and is not compatible with some older hardware.
3. List of versions for Windows 11:
As of now, there are several versions of Windows 11 available for different purposes and devices. Some of the most common Windows 11 versions are:
|No||Microsoft Windows 11 Versions||Details|
|1.||Windows 11 Home||This is the basic version of Windows 11 for personal use, and it includes all the essential features for everyday computing.|
|2.||Windows 11 Pro||This version of Windows 11 is designed for business and professional use, and it includes additional security and management features.|
|3.||Windows 11 Enterprise||This version of Windows 11 is designed for large organizations and businesses with advanced management and deployment features.|
|4.||Windows 11 Education||This version of Windows 11 is designed for use in educational institutions, with features for collaboration, learning management, and secure access.|
|5.||Windows 11 Pro for Workstations||This version of Windows 11 is designed for high-performance workstations and includes features like faster file handling, support for high-end hardware, and advanced networking.|
|6.||Windows 11 LTSC||This version of Windows 11 is designed for mission-critical systems and devices that require long-term stability and support. It is typically used in industries such as healthcare, finance, and manufacturing.|
It is important to note that not all versions of Windows 11 may be available for all devices or users, and some versions may require additional licensing or subscription fees.
4. List of features for Windows 11:
Here are all the features of Windows 11 in detail:
- Redesigned Start menu:
Windows 11 has a new, simplified Start menu that features a centered layout and live tiles. The Start menu is now more customizable, allowing users to add or remove apps and rearrange tiles to their liking.
- Improved taskbar:
The taskbar in Windows 11 has been redesigned with a new, modern look and improved functionality. Users can now easily access recently used files and folders, as well as control their audio and video playback from the taskbar.
- New Widgets feature:
Windows 11 introduces a new Widgets feature that provides a personalized feed of news, weather, and other content. The Widgets feature can be accessed from the taskbar or by swiping from the left edge of the screen on touch devices.
- Snap Layouts:
Users can now snap up to four apps on the screen at once and save those layouts for later use. Snap Layouts also include Snap Groups and Snap Desktops features, which make multitasking even easier.
- Microsoft Teams integration:
Microsoft Teams is integrated directly into the taskbar, making it easy to access and communicate with colleagues. Users can also use Teams to make voice and video calls, share files, and collaborate on projects.
- New Microsoft Store:
The Microsoft Store in Windows 11 has been redesigned and now features a wider selection of apps, including Android apps. The new Store also includes improved search and filtering options, as well as better curation of app collections.
- Enhanced touch support:
Windows 11 has improved touch support, with a redesigned touch keyboard and new touch gestures. Users can now use gestures to switch between virtual desktops, activate the Task View, and perform other actions.
- Improved pen support:
Windows 11 includes improved pen support for users who prefer to use a stylus. The new pen features include haptic feedback, improved pressure sensitivity, and improved palm rejection.
- New dark mode:
Windows 11 includes a new, improved dark mode that applies to more parts of the operating system. The new dark mode also includes improved contrast and readability.
- Redesigned settings app:
The settings app in Windows 11 has been redesigned with a new, modern look and improved functionality. The new settings app includes a search bar, improved navigation, and contextual settings that change depending on the device or app being used.
- Improved search:
Windows 11 includes an improved search experience that provides faster and more accurate results. Users can now search for files, apps, and web results from the same search box.
- New file explorer:
The file explorer in Windows 11 has been redesigned with a new, modern look and improved functionality. The new file explorer includes a new command bar with easy access to commonly used features, as well as improved search and filtering options.
- Performance improvements:
Windows 11 includes performance improvements that make the operating system faster and more efficient. These improvements include faster startup times, faster app launch times, and improved battery life on portable devices.
- More customization options:
Windows 11 includes more customization options for the taskbar, Start menu, and other parts of the operating system. Users can now customize the Start menu with new layouts, colors, and backgrounds, as well as choose from a wider selection of icons for their apps and folders.
- Improved gaming experience:
Windows 11 includes improvements to gaming performance and features, including Auto HDR, which automatically enhances the visual quality of games, and DirectStorage, which reduces load times and improves overall performance.
- Power Mode Settings:
Windows 11 has introduced new power mode settings that are aimed at improving battery life and performance. The three modes are: “Battery Saver”, “Better Battery” and “Best Performance”. Battery Saver mode will limit the background activities and lower the display brightness to conserve power. Better Battery mode will optimize performance to balance power and performance. Best Performance mode will provide maximum performance at the cost of battery life.
- Improved Virtual Desktops:
Virtual desktops have been available in Windows 10, but Windows 11 has improved this feature. Users can now drag and drop apps between virtual desktops, and quickly switch between them with the new Task View button on the taskbar.
- Dynamic Refresh Rate:
Windows 11 now supports dynamic refresh rate, which means the display refresh rate can adjust based on the content being displayed on the screen. This will help to conserve battery life and provide a smoother experience.
- Snap Layouts and Snap Groups:
Windows 11 has introduced new ways to snap and group windows together. Snap Layouts will allow users to quickly arrange windows in different layouts, such as side-by-side or in a grid. Snap Groups will allow users to save and quickly switch between different groups of windows.
- New Taskbar:
The taskbar in Windows 11 has been redesigned to be more centered and simplified. The Start button and icons are now centered, and the taskbar can be customized with different options such as size, alignment and grouping.
- Redesigned Settings App:
The Settings app in Windows 11 has been redesigned to be more modern and user-friendly. It has been reorganized to make it easier to find settings, and new features such as quick actions have been added.
- New Microsoft Store:
The Microsoft Store has been completely redesigned in Windows 11. It now includes more apps and games, and supports Android apps through the Amazon Appstore. The store also features a new design that is more user-friendly and easy to navigate.
- Microsoft Teams Integration:
Microsoft Teams is now integrated into Windows 11, allowing users to easily access and use the app for messaging and video conferencing. The Teams app is also integrated with other Windows 11 apps, such as the new Snap Layouts and Snap Groups features.
- Improved Accessibility Features:
Windows 11 has made several improvements to accessibility features, such as a new accessibility menu in the taskbar, improved voice typing and new high contrast modes.
- Fluent Design:
Windows 11 features a new design language called Fluent Design. This design language includes elements such as translucency, depth, and motion, which give the user interface a more modern and immersive feel.
Overall, Windows 11 brings many new features and improvements to the operating system. From a redesigned Start menu to improved virtual desktops and a new Microsoft Store, there are many new ways to customize and personalize the user experience. With enhanced performance, better security, and new features for gamers and creative professionals, Windows 11 is a significant upgrade from Windows 10.
5. List of Microsoft stores in the world:
Microsoft has physical stores that sell Microsoft products such as Surface devices, Xbox consoles, and Microsoft software. Here is a list of some of the most popular Microsoft Stores in the world:
|1.||Microsoft Store, New York City|
|2.||Microsoft Store, Sydney|
|3.||Microsoft Store, London|
|4.||Microsoft Store, Seattle|
|5.||Microsoft Store, Dubai|
|6.||Microsoft Store, Munich|
|7.||Microsoft Store, Hong Kong|
|8.||Microsoft Store, Los Angeles|
|9.||Microsoft Store, Toronto|
|10.||Microsoft Store, Boston|
These are just a few of the most popular Microsoft Stores in the world. Microsoft has many other physical stores located in various parts of the world, as well as an online store where customers can purchase Microsoft products.
Windows 11 bootable USB drive or DVD
To start Windows 11, you will need a computer that meets the minimum system requirements. Once you have the required hardware, you can start the installation process by following these steps:
- Download the Windows 11 installation file from the official Microsoft website or through Windows Update.
- Create a bootable USB drive or DVD with the installation file.
- Your computer will restart once the bootable USB device or DVD is inserted.
- Press the necessary key to access your computer’s boot menu, which will vary depending on your device. It’s typically F2, F8, F10, or F12.
- Choose the bootable device from the list and press Enter to boot into the Windows 11 installer.
- Install Windows 11 on your computer by according to the directions that appear on screen.
Once the installation is complete, you can log in to your Windows 11 account and start using the operating system.
How to turn on Windows 11?
To turn on Windows 11, you need to press the power button on your device. The location of the power button can vary depending on your device’s manufacturer and model.
If you’re using a desktop computer, the power button is usually located on the front panel or the top of the case. For a laptop, the power button is typically located on the keyboard or the side of the device.
Once you press the power button, the computer will start the boot process, which includes the BIOS or UEFI, and then the Windows 11 operating system. You’ll see the Windows logo and then the login screen, where you can enter your username and password to access your account.
If your device has been in sleep mode, you can also turn it on by pressing any key on the keyboard or clicking the mouse button. This will wake up the computer and return it to its previous state.
How to turn off Windows 11?
To turn off Windows 11, you can follow these steps:
- Click on the Windows icon in the bottom left corner of your screen or press the Windows key on your keyboard to open the Start menu.
- Click on the power button icon located above the Start menu.
- Select the “Shut down” option from the list of power options.
- Windows 11 will prompt you to save any open files or programs before shutting down. If you have unsaved work, click “Cancel” and save your work before proceeding.
- Once you’re ready to turn off your computer, click “Shut down” again.
Alternatively, you can also turn off your computer by pressing the physical power button on your device. However, this method is not recommended as it can cause data loss or corruption if you have unsaved work or programs running in the background. It’s always better to shut down Windows 11 using the proper procedure to avoid any potential issues.
How to buy windows 11 officially?
You can purchase Windows 11 officially from the Microsoft Store or from a licensed retailer. Here are the steps to purchase Windows 11:
- Go to the Microsoft Store website or visit a licensed retailer such as Best Buy or Amazon.
- Select the version of Windows 11 you wish to purchase (e.g. Home, Pro, or Enterprise).
- To finish your purchase, click the “Buy” or “Add to Cart” button and follow the on-screen instructions.
- Once you’ve purchased Windows 11, you’ll receive an activation key. This key is used to activate your copy of Windows 11 and can be found in the confirmation email you received after your purchase.
- To activate Windows 11, enter your activation key by going to Settings > Update & Security > Activation > Change product key.
It’s important to note that the price of Windows 11 may vary depending on the version you purchase and where you buy it from. Be sure to purchase from a reputable source to ensure you receive a legitimate copy of the operating system.
Here is a Microsoft Official License:
|No.||Operating System||Purchase Details|
|1.||Windows 11 Home||Get Your License|
Windows 11 system requirements
Minimum system requirements for Windows 11:
- Processor: 1 GHz or faster with 2 or more cores on a compatible 64-bit processor or System on a Chip (SoC)
- RAM: 4 GB or more
- Storage: 64 GB or larger storage device, such as a hard drive or solid-state drive (SSD)
- System firmware: UEFI, Secure Boot capable
- TPM: Trusted Platform Module (TPM) version 2.0
- Graphics card: DirectX 12 compatible graphics / WDDM 2.x
- Display: A display device with at least 720p resolution
Recommended system requirements for Windows 11:
- Processor: 3.0 GHz or faster with 4 or more cores on a compatible 64-bit processor or System on a Chip (SoC)
- RAM: 8 GB or more
- Storage: 128 GB or larger SSD
- System firmware: UEFI, Secure Boot capable
- TPM: Trusted Platform Module (TPM) version 2.0
- Graphics card: DirectX 12 / WDDM 2.x compatible GPU with at least 4GB memory
- Display: A display device with at least 1080p resolution
Windows 11 shortcut keys
|1.||Open Start menu||Windows key|
|2.||Open Task View||Windows key + Tab|
|3.||Open Search||Windows key + S|
|4.||Open Settings||Windows key + I|
|5.||Lock or sign out of Windows||Windows key + L|
|6.||Open Action Center||Windows key + A|
|7.||Take a screenshot||Windows key + Print Screen|
|8.||Open Task Manager||Ctrl + Shift + Esc|
|9.||Switch between open windows||Alt + Tab|
|10.||Maximize a window||Windows key + Up arrow|
|11.||Minimize a window||Windows key + Down arrow|
|12.||Restore a minimized window||Windows key + Shift + Up arrow|
|13.||Cycle through apps on taskbar||Windows key + T|
|14.||Open File Explorer||Windows key + E|
|15.||Open Run command||Windows key + R|
Is windows 11 free?
Windows 11 is not completely free for everyone. However, existing Windows 10 users will be eligible for a free upgrade to Windows 11, provided that their device meets the system requirements for Windows 11. Users who do not have a valid Windows 10 license will need to purchase a Windows 11 license to use the operating system. The cost of the license will vary depending on the edition of Windows 11 and the region in which it is purchased. Microsoft has not yet announced the exact pricing for Windows 11 licenses.
Can I upgrade my current PC to Windows 11 for free?
If your PC meets the system requirements, you may be eligible for a free upgrade to Windows 11. Microsoft has an app called the PC Health Check app that you can use to determine if your PC is compatible and eligible for the upgrade.
Will Windows 11 support legacy apps?
Yes, Windows 11 will support legacy apps. However, some older apps may not be compatible with the new operating system, so it is recommended to check with the app developer or provider before upgrading to Windows 11.
What new features can I expect from Windows 11?
Windows 11 brings a number of new features and improvements, including a redesigned Start menu and Taskbar, new snap layouts and snap groups, improved virtual desktops, and enhanced touch and pen support, among others.
When will Windows 11 be released?
Windows 11 was officially released on October 5, 2021.
How much does Windows 11 cost?
The price of Windows 11 varies depending on the edition and licensing type. Windows 11 Home costs $139, while Windows 11 Pro costs $199. However, some users may be eligible for a free upgrade if their PC meets the system requirements.
What happened to Internet Explorer in Windows 11?
Internet Explorer has been discontinued in Windows 11. Microsoft’s new browser, Microsoft Edge, is now the default browser in Windows 11.
Can I still use my old Microsoft account with Windows 11?
Yes, you can still use your old Microsoft account with Windows 11. Your existing files and settings should also transfer over when you upgrade to Windows 11.
Is Windows 11 more secure than Windows 10?
Windows 11 brings a number of new security features and improvements, including a built-in security processor, enhanced hardware security features, and improved encryption. However, the overall security of the operating system will depend on how you use it and whether you take proper security precautions.
What happens if my PC doesn’t meet the system requirements for Windows 11?
If your PC does not meet the system requirements for Windows 11, you may not be able to upgrade to the new operating system. However, you can still continue using your current version of Windows, and Microsoft will continue to provide updates and support for Windows 10 until October 14, 2025.
In conclusion, Windows 11 is a highly anticipated update to Microsoft’s operating system. It offers many new features and improvements, such as a redesigned Start menu, enhanced performance, and better integration with Microsoft’s services. With a focus on productivity, creativity, and gaming, Windows 11 is poised to provide a seamless and intuitive user experience.
However, it is important to note that not all devices will be compatible with Windows 11 due to its increased system requirements. Users should check their device’s compatibility before upgrading to Windows 11. Additionally, it is worth considering the cost of upgrading, as some users may need to purchase new hardware or a Windows 11 license.
Overall, Windows 11 represents a major step forward in Microsoft’s operating system, offering a range of new features and improvements to enhance productivity, creativity, and gaming.